Know your diamond basics

Say hello to the month of diamonds and know your diamond basics — starting with the 4C’s. It’s very important to know these little but very vital details about April’s birthstone, because they play a big part when you are considering to purchase diamond jewelry.



There are 2 things you must remember when it comes to a diamond’s cut. One, it refers to shape. Two, and a more important definition of a diamond’s cut, involves its craftmanship. Precise artistry and workmanship are required to shape a stone so that its proportions, symmetry, faceting and polish can deliver its most spectacular ability to transmit light and sparkle.




A diamond’s color evaluation is mostly based on the absence of color. A chemically pure and structurally perfect diamond has no hue as if it’s a drop of pure water. The Gemological Institute Of America or GIA’s D-to-Z color grading system determines the degree of colorlessness by comparing a stone under controlled lighting and precise viewing conditions to masterstones of established color value.


GIA’s D-to-Z color grading scale is the industry’s most accepted and most used grading system. The scale starts with the letter D, representing colorless, and continues with increasing presence of color until letter Z. Most of the time, these color distinctions are invisible to the untrained eye, since the distinctions are so subtle. However, these small distinctions make a very huge difference in a diamond’s quality and price.





A diamond’s clarity refers to the absence of inclusions and blemishes. Since diamonds are a result of carbon exposed to tremendous heat and pressure underneath the earth, these may cause a variety of internal characteristics called “inclusions” and external characteristics called “blemishes”.





Diamonds are weighed in metric carats; one carat is equal to 0.2 grams, about the same weight as a paper clip. Just as 1 peso is divided into 100 cents, a carat is divided into 100 points. For example, a 50-point diamond weighs 0.50 carats.


BLOG DIAMONDS Carat weight


Aren’t diamonds interesting? There’s so much more to learn and discover about these dazzling stones, but for starters, the 4Cs — Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat, are the fundamental details that will definitely help you when considering to invest in diamond jewelry. It’s also important to know that diamond jewelry pieces become more beautiful and more valuable as time passes by. Make a beautiful investment today with Miladay and visit any of our stores today to know and see more of our diamond collections.